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Published Journal Articles - (hover over article for summary)

Sand pit mining in recent years at the Jenkins site (41AT287) in Atascosa County, in South Texas (Figure 1), has resulted in the recovery of a substantial assemblage of Late Prehistoric material culture remains, including arrow points of various types, distinctive Gahagan and beveled bifaces, and 393 ceramic vessel sherds (Perttula 2019a-c, 2020).

During the summer of 2020, an archeological site was investigated by collectors near Falcon Reservoir in Zapata County (Figure 1), in the South Texas Brush Country, for the prehistoric artifacts it was known to contain. In the course of recovering prehistoric artifacts from subsurface deposits, it was noted that a number of historic 19th century ceramic sherds of Mexican manufacture were present on the site surface (Figures 2 and 3). 

In this article, I explore the way borderlands culture affected cemetery planning and decorative elements from the late 1800s to the present day. Specifically, I look at the inscriptions, design elements, and placement of decorations on 105 graves from the Calvary Catholic Cemetery and the Laredo City Cemetery. The two adjacent cemeteries contain burials from the late 1800s to the present (City Cemetery n.d., Appendix 1). My hypothesis is that though the frequency of English or Spanish may change over time, the two cemeteries will continue to represent a distinct border culture.

This is the story of how an ancient Maya tranchet flake, aka “orange-peel flake,” changed the lives of many professional and student Texas archaeologist(Figure 1). It all began in 1975 at the Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archaeology in Dallas. It happened with a serendipitous invitation when Thomas Hester invited me to join him for lunch with a group hosted by Dr. Norman Hammond of Cambridge University of England. 

Abstract Summary

This paper proposes a new point type named after the small community of Tivydale in Gillespie County (Figure 1), which is near to 41GL496. This study analyzes 29 points found at five different sites scattered across the Balcones Escarpment from Gillespie County in the east to Val Verde County in the west. We also include the data and descriptions of 34 Early Triangular points found intermixed with the Tivydale points from 41UV465.  

The McKee site came to the attention of the archaeological community early in 2009. The late Bruce Moses, then Chairman of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association (STAA) and an archaeologist with the Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Texas at San Antonio, saw a local news clip about a Seguin citizen who had discovered an archaeological site on his property within the city limits of Seguin in Guadalupe County, Texas (Figure 1).

In 2016, digging by collectors at a site on Hondo Creek in northern Medina County led to the discovery of a large piece of smoothed and painted limestone. It featured a variety of motifs, all painted in red. Nearby was a much smaller piece of limestone, deeply incised with motifs reflected on the painted stone. Both date to the early Late Prehistoric period. These artifacts are described and illustrated in this article. Comparison of the items to southern Texas and lower Pecos painted pebbles provided a basis for speculation on the meaning or function of the Medina County artifacts.

This article concerns a mid-19th century historic site component at 41GL495 in western Gillespie County in the Edwards Plateau natural region of Texas (Figure 1). The site overlooks a small creek (Spring Creek) that is a tributary to the Pedernales River, itself a major eastward-flowing tributary to the Colorado River. It is ca. 25 km west of Fredericksburg, the county seat, near the community of Harper, Texas. As best as can be determined by an examination of the recovered artifacts from the site, it was occupied perhaps from the late 1840s through the 1850s, and perhaps as late as 1862.

Abstract Summary

Abstract Summary

This article puts on record six chert bifaces found in a cache in a burial feature within a burned rock midden from a site in San Saba County, Texas. The only available provenience information on the cache is that they were recovered more than 25 years ago in a burial in a midden deposit. The bifaces were not stacked, but partially overlapping and scattered in space across a 1 foot square area.

A ceramic petrographic analysis was conducted on six prehistoric sherds from site 41AT287 in northern Atascosa County, South Texas. The petrographic analysis was part of the larger analysis project of the site undertaken by a contract between Archeological and Environmental Consultants LLC and the Texas Department of Transportation. The work was carried out in late 2018 and early 2019.

A collection of ceramic sherds from the Morris Ranch site in southwestern Atascosa County has two rim sherds from Spanish Colonial ceramic wares made in Mexico. These sherds, including a Smooth Brown lead-glazed rim and a Black Luster Glaze rim, indicate that the site was occupied between ca. 1750-1850.

During recent archaeological investigations at the Jenkins site (41AT287) in Atascosa County, in South Texas (Figure 1), a modest assemblage of ceramic vessel sherds was recovered in the archaeological deposits in one area of the site overlooking the confluence of two small intermittent streams. The analysis of the 286 rim, body, and base sherds (Table 1, see also Appendix 1) recovered from the site is the focus of this report, and the report concludes with a consideration of the regional temporal and cultural context of the Jenkins site ceramic assemblage.

Abstract Summary

Folsom points are the gold standard for finely crafted lithic projectile points and modern knappers find them very difficult to replicate. As a result archaeologists, collectors, and knappers alike, have suggested over time that they were the product of a few craftsmen. By the turn of the century, my beliefs were changing and by the fall of 2000, I gave a paper at the Plains Conference in St. Paul, MN in which I argued that the vast majority of the Folsom hunters were making their own points.

A cache of nine medium-sized bifaces, found in a small Williamson County burned rock midden, are reported, and discussed.

A detachable atlatl hook, made of antler,  was found at the Collins site along Onion Creek in Travis County, central Texas. Like some other  central Texas atlatl hooks, it has traits that indicate how it  was a attached to a spear-thrower. Some brief comparative  notes are offered on similar specimens from  central and lower Pecos Texas.

Three Clovis points, from Blanco, Coryell and Williamson counties are documented, illustrated and discussed.  Detailed illustrations are provided for each specimen.

A polyhedral blade core found at a site southwest of Austin, in Travis County, Texas is reported and discussed. Examination indicates that it is  derived from Clovis blade technology.

Abstract Summary

A multi-component Folsom-Midland bison kill site has been studied in Crane County, Texas. Originally recorded in the 1980s, it was later excavated in 2002-2003 by archaeologists from Southern Methodist University.  Since that time, the authors have been able to document seven additional Folsom points from this site and the data presented here.

This paper documents and describes  four Golondrina points and one medial Paleoindian point fragment from  a site in northeast Duval County. The discoveries were made by an oil field worker while surface collecting during the extended drought of the 1950s.

A cache of four small bifaces found on a prehistoric occupation site near Sugarloaf Mountain in northeast Milam County is reported and discussed.  This cache is of the type representing point reduction activities at a campsite, most likely unrelated to the pattern of large biface caches involving the  movement or trade of Edwards Plateau chert.

John E. "Swoose"  Alexander was born in  Brown County, Texas, on September 6, 1919.  After more than 70  years of flintknapping, Swoose has become  somewhat of a legend across Texas.  He began knapping in 1932 after discovering his first  artifact while walking along the  Pecos River in West Texas. He became interested in replicating the parallel oblique flaking that he had observed on Angostura points.  After 18 years of trial and error,  he mastered the art of parallel oblique flaking  using only the materials that were available in ancient times.

Three  biface caches  from southern and central Texas are documented in this article. Two of the caches, from Frio County,  are of large, lanceolate  bifaces that likely relate to the Angostura lithic style. The third cache, from Kinney County, consists of three massive bifaces  whose cultural affiliation is uncertain. However, it may  date to early in the regional cultural sequence.

Three  biface caches  from southern and central Texas are documented in this article. Two of the caches, from Frio County,  are of large, lanceolate  bifaces that likely relate to the Angostura lithic style. The third cache, from Kinney County, consists of three massive bifaces  whose cultural affiliation is uncertain. However, it may  date to early in the regional cultural sequence.

Guadalupe bifaces from  sites in the drainages of the San Miguel and Hondo Creeks in Medina and Frio Counties, Texas are documented and illustrated.

Abstract Summary

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